Pharmaceutical industry in Kenya

Pharmaceutical industry in Kenya

pharmaceutical industry kenya

The pharmaceutical industry is made of drug companies which develop manufacturers and sell medicine to people who have been given a prescription by a professional doctor. The mission of the pharmaceuticals industry is not to treat illness but they do collaborate with doctors in targeting diseases that have already been detected.

Market size analysis for pharmaceutical industry

The pharmaceutical industry in Kenya is growing at an annual compound rate. The market is mainly made up of the urban clients and private hospitals. Most of the drugs are sold as over the counter drugs while prescribed drugs contribute to the other segment. Most of the clients do prefer the branded products to the generic. One thing that deals to the success of this industry is that the distributors have established good networks where they supply the drugs

Associations

1. Kenya pharmaceutical association
2. Federation of Kenya pharmaceutical manufacturers

3.Federation Of East African Pharmaceutical Manufacturers .

4.Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya

The following are the benefits that are attained by companies that do join the associations above.
• Pharmaceutical companies will get an opportunity to interact with other members for social purposes and welfare purposes.
Barriers to entry
There are three types of that limit anyone who is entering the pharmaceutical industry. The following are some of them.
• The government which gives the pharmaceutical company the legal right to solely produce a certain drug for a certain amount of time. This is done by the government in the aim of helping the firm to protect their profits and innovate the firm.
• The second barrier is the brand loyalty advantage. This is because the first mover will get to prove the quality of their products over the generic product which the quality has not been ascertained.
• The last barrier is the control input. Where an active ingredient is controlled by a certain company this leads to limiting other companies. The new upcoming pharmaceutical they need to have the inputs so that they can produce a certain drug. The pharmaceutical companies do have access to the input they may sell it to the upcoming firms if only they will be able to acquire profit and if it is not profitable they will hold onto the inputs which will lead to new firms entering the industry.
Buyer power
When it comes to Kenyan buying power it is high especially when it comes to over the counter drugs. The buying power is expected to increase with time since some of the drugs are cheaper than attaining health services which are of high quality.
Competition
The completion being experienced by the pharmaceutical industries in Kenya is of four types. Read on to know which these four types are.
1. Monopoly competition: this is the type of competition that there is only one supplier of certain type of medicine. There is also a perfect barrier to entry.
2. Monopolistic competition: in this type of competition there are many sellers and there is a moderate product differentiation. There is no barrier to enter in such a competition.
3. Perfect competition: in this type of competition the sellers and the buyers do not have any influence on the prices.
4. Oligopoly competition: in this type of competition the market is dominated by a small number of sellers and the action of the sellers can affect the prices.
Challenges
The Kenyan pharmaceutical industry is facing a number of challenges the two major one being affordability restraining and low reimbursement rates.
Consolidation
Pharmaceutical companies regardless of them being large multinational corporations, subsidiaries or joint ventures they come together. Most of their work is 65% production.
Conferences
The pharmaceutical industry does partake in the conferences that are held by the Africa Pharmaceutical sector. The different conferences that are held annually they do have different themes. The members who are in the summit they get to interact with other international pharmaceutical members in the world.

For upcoming events Click Here
Corruption
The Kenyan pharmaceutical industry is experiencing a lot of corruption cases which leads to a lot of controversies. The major issue of this industry being corrupt has led to Kenya being ranked 18th in Pharmaceutical and healthcare reward index. This has led to a number of other problems such as:
1. Large counterfeits drugs industry
2. Poor health care
Certification
The pharmaceutical sector consists of more than 35 certified units. In these units there are both the local manufacturing companies and multi-national corporations. Most of the pharmaceutical industries are located within Nairobi and its environs.
Consultants
The consultation team helps different qualified pharmaceutical companies who offer various services such as clinical trial of some of the drugs that have been developed. The following are some of the list of the consulting team that can be reached out in Kenya.
• SAI pharmaceuticals
• SGS Kenya
• AFRA pharma consultant
Careers
The following are some of the careers that are associated with pharmaceutical industry in Kenya:
• Clinical pharmacist
• Bio-technologists engineers
• Medical representatives

Pharmaceutical Technologists
For one to get in the field of pharmacy they have to study Bachelor of Pharmacy from any university that is accredited.Or Diploma in accredited colleges
Distribution channels
In Kenya the medicine distribution chain is manufacturing-distributors- retailers. Distribution is mainly carried out by Kenya Medical suppliers Agency. The retailers consist of pharmacies, chemists, health facilities and shops.
Disclosures
The following are some of the Kenyan pharmaceutical disclosure:
• Beta healthcare international limited
• GlaxosmithKline
• Goodlife pharma
Drugs repurpose
This is the application of known drugs and compounds to new indication. The main advantage of drug repurposing is that the efficiency and safety is well known unlike for a new drug. For instance Requip was originally used as an anti-Parkinsonian agent and it was later discovered it can be used to treat restless legs syndrome.
Ethical issues
• The pharmacist should use his or her professional knowledge and skills for the benefit of those who seek their professional services.
• Maintain a good professional relationship with others.
• The pharmacist should act in a way that promotes confidence and trust in pharmacy professions.
Fellowship
Commonwealth Jubilee Travel Fellowship which is offered by the Royal Pharmaceuticals society and commonwealth.
Firms
The following are some firms that are in the pharmaceutical industry of Kenya
1. Alpha medical manufacturers- Nairobi
2. Bayer east Africa limited-Nairobi
3. Cosmos limited-Nairobi

for List of Pharmaceutical manufactures Click Here
 Growth projection
 The Kenyan pharmaceutical industry in 2015 it was valued KES 73.74billion. The growth projection is estimated to be 15.1% in Kenyan currency and 0.4% in USD.
 Government regulation
 The Kenyan government regulates the pharmaceutical industry using the pharmacy and poisons act chapter 244 of Kenyan laws. The regulation is done through a number of ways which include;
 1. Product evaluation and registration.
 2. Ensuring good manufacturing practice.
 3. Enrollment of pharmaceutical technologists.
 4. Issuance of annual practice license.
 5. Approval of institutions that do offer pharmacy training program.
 6. Registration of pharmaceutical premises.
 Journals
 Pharmaceutical journal of Kenya is a publication of the pharmaceutical society of Kenya. The main aim of the topic of the journal is to show the realm of pharmacy.
 Marketing issues
 Kenya is heavily relying on imported drugs to help meet the need of the general public. The local pharmaceutical industry access 30% of the government and private sector. The efforts that are being made to increase revenue in the local market are hampered mainly by poor or inadequate infrastructure. The local pharmaceutical companies they have a chance to export their products to the neighboring countries such as Uganda and Tanzania. The local pharmaceutical companies that are manufacturing drugs they do lack the capacity to achieve the world health organization. Some of these requirements that are required by the World Health Organization are as follows:
 • Good laboratory practice
 • Good manufacturing practice
 The requirements will help in ascertaining the quality, safety and effectiveness of the drug. Most of the Kenyan pharmaceuticals companies do not reach to the limit required hence this limits the number of markets they get to serve.
 Research
 In Kenya does not have a very active biomedical research and development, this includes the public and private sector. If Kenya had a vibrant biomedical research and development sector both in the private and the public sector can help in boosting innovation and industrial development in the pharmaceutical industry.
 Salary information
 The following is the salary range for people who work in the pharmaceutical companies. The median monthly salary that can be received by a pharmacist is150,000 .
 Supply chain
 There are some pharmacies that do have their outlets well distributed in the country. The following are some of the pharmacies.
 • Mimosa pharmacy it has three retail shops where one is in the junction mall, Westgate mall and Oasis mall in Malindi.
 • Kam pharmacy which has three retail shops that are located in Cargen house in Harambee Avenue, IPS building in Kimathi Street and Mpaka house in Westlands.
 • Halton pharmacy it has about four stores and it is planning to hit a target of 20 stores.
 Seminars
 Kenya Pharmaceuticals Association hold seminar for all pharmacist. The following is what is expected in the seminars.
 • To keep up with the changing trends
 • To satisfy the pharmacy and poisons board requirement
 • Mentorship of the members
 Magazines
 The Pharmacist is a pharmacy magazine launched by the Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya.
 Internship
 For all graduates who are through with the four year pharmacy degree ,and those with Diplomas they have to go for internship. The internship is supposed to last for one year and it is a post university internship program. The internship can be done in an industry, hospital or a community pharmacy. This will help to equip the graduate with the skills that he or she will use in future when they start working. Some of these skills are pharmacy management and patient communication
 Pricing issues
 Price of medicine in Kenya wildly across the country, this means for people who live in areas that are remote they have to pay for more to get safe and effective medicine than others. This is mainly caused by the fact that there is no national pricing policy that has been place on medicine to regulate the price of medicine that is being sold over the counter.
 Trends
 The latest trend in the pharmaceutical industry is that healthcare services be transferred back to national government since after the health services were developed. This is because a lot of problems have emerged after the health services were devolved.
 Data sources
 •  www.kenyapharmaexpo.com
 •  www.pharmatimes.com
 •  www.store.bmiresearch.com
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PSK Code Of Ethics

Psk code of ethics

Psk code of ethics

registration as a pharmacist carries obligations as well as privileges. It requires you to:
develop and use your professional knowledge and skills for the benefit of those who seek your professional services,
maintain good professional relationships with others, and
act in a way that promotes confidence and trust in the pharmacy professions.
The Code of Ethics sets out the principles that you must follow as a Pharmacist. The Code is the Pharmacy and Poisons Board’s core guidance on the conduct, practice and professional performance expected of you. It is designed to meet our obligations under the Pharmacy and Poisons ACT Cap 244 and other relevant legislation.
The principles of the Code are intended to guide and support the work you do and the decisions you make. They also inform the general public of the standards of behaviour that can be expected from the pharmacy professions. The Code underpins all other standards and guidance we issue. We will review the Code in the light of changes within the professions or healthcare environment.
The Code is founded on ten principles which express the values central to the identity of the pharmacy professions. The ten principles and their supporting explanations encapsulate what it means to be a registered Pharmacist. Making these principles part of your professional life will maintain patient safety and public confidence in the professions.
As well as the Code of Ethics, we have produced supporting standards and guidance documents that expand on aspects of the Code, or provide more detailed guidance on specific areas of pharmacy practice.
The spirit of this code is to ensure clarity and patency in the entire distribution chain of pharmacy service delivery from the Manufacturer/Importer to the Distributor, to the Wholesaler, to the Retailer/Community Pharmacy Practice then finally to the client with the aim of upholding professionalism and preservation of the public safety and being able to measure it.
Status of the Code of Ethics
The principles of the Code of Ethics are mandatory. As a registered Pharmacist your professional and personal conduct will be judged against the Code. You must abide by its principles irrespective of the job you do.
Disreputable behavior, even if it is not directly connected to your professional practice, or failure to comply with the principles identified in the Code could put your registration at risk. The Boards Ethics and Disciplinary Committees will take account of the Code in considering cases that come before them but are not limited solely to the matters mentioned in it. They will consider the circumstances of an individual case when deciding whether or not action should follow.
The two professional bodies Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya (PSK) and Kenya Pharmaceutical Association (KPA) being the legitimate professional organizations for pharmacists in this country are obliged to orient their members on this code and have its members comply with it. They must use it and no other code to uphold professionalism among its members i.e. there is only one code of ethics for the practice of pharmacy in Kenya and it is this one.
The Ten principles
In The practice of Pharmacy as a pharmacist:
1. Your prime responsibility is the good of the individual and mankind.
2. You must show the same dedication to all.
3. You must recognise the individual’s right to freedom of choice of treatment.
4. You must recognise and safeguard the individual’s right to privacy and confidentiality.
5. You must co-operate with colleagues and other professionals and respects their values and abilities.
6. You must act with honesty and integrity in professional relationships.
7. You must serve the health needs of the individual, the family the community, society, and the environment.
8. You must maintain and develop professional knowledge and skills.
9. You must ensure continuity of care in the event of labour disputes, pharmacy closure and conflict with personal moral beliefs.
10. You must provide emergency pharmaceutical services
Applying the principles
Pharmacists and Enrolled Pharmaceutical Technologists have overall responsibility for the provision of pharmaceutical services for which they are the practicing.
Every registered pharmacy professional is responsible for their own actions. It is your responsibility as a pharmacist or Pharmaceutical Technologist to apply the principles of the Code of Ethics to your daily work, whether or not you routinely treat or care for patients. You must be able to show that you are aware of the Code and have followed the principles it lays down.
You are professionally accountable for your practice. This means that you are answerable for your acts and omissions, regardless of advice or directions from your manager(s), owner(s) or another professional. You are expected to use your professional judgment in the light of the principles of the Code and must be prepared to justify your actions if asked to do so.
Users of pharmaceutical services include patients, customers and clients. The Code uses the term patient(s) to encompass any individuals or groups who access or are affected by your professional pharmacy services or advice. If you offer veterinary pharmacy services, the term patient also extends to the animals you provide services for.
The work of pharmacists and Pharmaceutical Technologists takes many different forms and accordingly not all of the principles will be applicable to every situation you find yourself in. The ten principles are of equal importance. Each principle is supported by a series of statements that explain the types of action and behaviour expected of you when applying the principles in practice. These are not exhaustive.
In meeting the principles of the Code you are expected to comply with other accepted standards and take account of guidance issued by the Pharmacy and Poisons Board or other relevant organisations.
From time to time you may be faced with conflicting professional obligations or legal requirements. In these circumstances you must consider fully the options available to you, evaluate the risks and benefits associated with possible courses of action and determine what is most appropriate in the interests of patients and the public.

For more information about this visit Psk website and or contact Pharmacy and poisons Board

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