The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, Pap smear, cervical smear, or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix
The Pap test is indicated to screen for malignant and premalignant lesions of the cervix.
Screening guidelines vary from country to country. In general, screening starts about the age of 20 or 25 and continues until about the age of 50 or 60.Screening is typically recommended every three to five years, as long as results are normal
How pap test Kenya is done
The Pap test is done during a pelvic exam. A doctor uses a device called a speculum to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix and vagina can be examined. A plastic spatula and small brush are used to collect cells from the cervix.
How to prepare for pap test Kenya
Ideally, cervical screening should be scheduled when the patient is not menstruating.
Avoid vaginal intercourse, douching, use of tampons, use of medicinal vaginal cream or contraceptive cream for 24-48 hrs prior to cervical screening.
Ideally, pre-existing cervicitis should be treated prior to cervical screening.
Screening, however, should proceed in the presence of bleeding or cervicitis, as these symptoms may be related to cervical dysplasia or neoplasm, which can be detected with cervical screening.
A Pap test is not painful but may be a little uncomfortable.